"The entire bird is used, and is mounted on wires and springs that permit the head and wings to be moved about in the most natural manner." Harpers Bazaar 1875
Frank Chapman an ornithologist in 1886 spoke of what he viewed as the destruction of birds for millinery purposes. He wrote a letter to the editor of Forest and Stream to bring this to their attention. His letter listed all the species seen on two afternoons in the uptown shopping district of N.Y. city. In one afternoon, 700 hats were counted and on them 20 birds recognized. 543 hats were decorated with feathers. This was one of the most debated fashion issues during the 1900's because the use of bird feathers were used as a fashion ornament not only for hats but for fans and boas too. I still think they look cool....but I love our feathered friends!